Low Fiber/Low Residue Diet

What is it? A low fiber and low residue diet means eating foods that do not have a lot of fiber or residue,  Fiber is the  part of fruits, vegetables, and grains not broken down by your body.  You may need a diet low in fiber and residue if you have diarrhea and cramping, problems digesting certain foods, and after surgery until your bowel returns to normal.  A low fiber and low residue diet will make your stool smaller and softer.

What can I eat?:  The foods you should and should not eat are listed below.  The amounts next to each food are the serving sizes.  You may be able to eat the foods you usually eat when feeling better.

Serving sizes:

    • 1 cup (8 ounces) of food is the size of a large handful.
    • ½ cup (4 ounces) of food is about half of a large handful.
    • 1 tablespoon (tbsp) is about the size of the tip of your thumb (from the last crease)
    • 1 teaspoon (tsp) is about the size of the tip of your little finger (from the last crease)
    • A serving size means the size of food after it is cooked.  Three ounces of cooked meat, fish, or poultry is about the size of a deck of cards.  One ounce of hard cheese is about 1 inch (2.54 cm) cube.
    • A serving of vegetables is ½ cup (1/2 handful) cooked or 1 cup (full handful) of raw vegetables.

 

MEAT/ MEAT SUBSTITUTES:

Eat 2 to 3 servings a day from this list:

    • No more than 2 ounces of cheese a day
    • 1 large or 2 medium egg
    • 3 ounces of tender, well cooked meat, fish, poultry

Do not eat these foods:

    • Foods with a breaded coating or that have been deep fried
    • Meats with a breaded or crusty coating
    • Crunchy peanut butter
    • Dried cooked beans, peas, or lentils
    • Tough or stringy meats (like corned beef or beef jerky)

 

MILK/ DAIRY:

Do not eat or drink more than 2 cups (16 ounces) a day TOTAL from this list:

    • Custard
    • Cottage cheese
    • Milk
    • Milk drinks (like a milk shake)
    • Pudding
    • Yogurt

 

BREADS/ STARCHES:

Eat 6 to 11 servings a day from this list:

    • ½ cup cooked regular pasta, macaroni, or noodles
    • ½ cup cooked cereals or 1 cup flakes
    • 5 inch (12.70cm) size pancake or waffle
    • 6 small saltine crackers
    • 1 slice white bread
    • ½ cup cooked white rice

Do not eat these foods:

    • Bran and wheat germ
    • Breads or cereals made with nuts, seeds, or whole grain flour
    • Brown rice
    • Corn and corn bread
    • Granolas
    • Oatmeal

 

FRUITS:

Eat 2 to 4 servings a day from this list:

    • ½ cup applesauce
    • ½ cup canned or cooked fruits
    • ½ cup fruit cocktail
    • ½ large or 1 small ripe banana
    • ½ cup strained fruit juices

Do not eat these foods:

    • Any kind of berry (like cherries, blueberries, or strawberries)
    • Dried fruits, dates, figs, or prunes
    • Oranges, grapefruit, or pineapple
    • Prunes or prune juice
    • Raw fruits that have skins or seeds (like apples)
    • Rhubarb

 

VEGETABLES:

Eat 2 to 4 servings a day from this list:

    • ½ cup chopped lettuce if you can
    • 1 cup vegetable juice (like tomato)
    • ½ cup cooked or canned vegetables without seeds

Do not eat these foods:

    • Raw (uncooked) vegetables (except lettuce)
    • Vegetables that have seeds or peels (like broccoli, tomatoes, cucumbers, peas, lima beans, or squash)

 

DESSERTS:

Eat up to 2 servings a day from this list:

    • ½ cup of cake or cookies
    • ½ cup frozen yogurt
    • ½ cup gelatin with soft or canned fruit
    • 2 pieces wrapped hard candy (without nuts)
    • ½ cup ice cream or ice milk
    • ½ cup sherbet

Do not eat these foods:

    • Any dessert with nuts, dried fruit, or seeds in it

 

OTHER FOODS:

Do not eat these foods:

    • Coconut
    • Nuts
    • Peanuts
    • Popcorn
    • Seeds
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